Sine Dolore Awards

Sine Dolore Excellence Awards Dr. Fernando Rubió and Dr. Mateu Orfila

The Sine Dolore Association has convened the Sine Dolore Excellence Award Dr. Fernando Rubio i Tuduri, to Reserch and Development in the field of pain treatment and Sine Dolore Excellence Award Dr Mateu Orfila i Rotger, to communication, with reason of the III Sine Dolore World Park, which will be held from May 4 to 7 in Menorca.

The first of these awards is given to the institution, organization and / or company that during the last year has performed a remarkable and unique work in the scientific field of the fight against pain and quality of life. On the other hand, the second aims to recognize and value the work of journalistic information, done by some means of communication, about the suffering by some people suffering from persistent chronic pain and the initiatives that are carried out to eradicate it.

The awards ceremony takes place during the Grand Sine Dolore Gala held at the Main Theater of Mahon as the closing ceremony of the Sine Dolore World Park.

Dr. Fernando Rubió i Tudurí

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El Dr. Fernando Rubió i Tudurí (Barcelona, October 18,  1900 – Maó, April 26, 1994) was a Menorcan pharmacist and chemist, son of the military engineer Maria Rubio i Bellver and brother of the architect Nicolau Maria Rubió i Tudurí and politican Marià Rubió i Tudurí.

He studied pharmacy and chemistry at the University if Barcelona and between 1919 and 1922 he expanded his studies at the Pasteur Institute in Paris, where he was Professor Abert Calmette. In 1924 he founded Laboratorios Andromaco in Barcelona, from which he founded branches in South America and France from with the money he bought the estate of Mongofre Nou, current headquarters of Rubio-Andrimaca Foundation.

In 1946 he settled in Menorca, where in 1947  he financed the restoration of the organ of the Church of Santa Maria ( Mao), and thus began a fruitful work of patronage: creation of the Menorca Awards (1951-1960), the Capella Davídica de Ciutadella or the Encyclopedia of  Menorca. He was a president of Honor ofl Athenian of  Mahón. In 1988 he received the Cross of  Sant Jordi.

Dr. Mateu Orfila i Rotger

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Mateu Josep Bonaventura Orfila i Rotger, also know as Mateo Orfila y Mathieu Orfila (Mahón, Islas Baleares, April 24, 1787 – París, Francia, March 12, 1853) was a Spanish scientist called the " father of scientific toxicology".

He was born in Mahón, capital of Menorca, on April 24,1787, in a family of merchants of peasant origin with sufficient income to ensure a good education for their childrens. Orfila was able to take advantage of the cosmopolitan environment of Menorca to learn modern languages and sciences during his first years of training. When he was only fourteen years old, he began to teach mathematics lessons which, in turn, he had to learn throungh the few books of these sciences that he could read in those years. And after a failed attempt to pursue the career of sailor as his father intended, chose to study medicine and contacted a teacher of German origin,  Carl Ernst Cook, who received classes in "elementary mathematics", "almost experimental physics", "logic" and " A little natural history".

Not being able to study Medicine in Menorca, Orfila traveled to Valencia in September 1804 to attend classes taught at the Faculty of Medicine. Faced with the educational deficiencies that he found, he decided to learn chemistry by himself through the works of the main French authors and of small experiences he made at home with the help of some fans of this science, such as Juan Sánchez Cisneros, an enlightened military man who had studied in Paris and who made numerous works related to mineralogy, chemistry and agronomy from the Economic Society of Friends of the Country of Valencia. Orfila was able to acquire an extraordinary training in chemistry that allowed him to dazzle his colleagues and teachers during a public contest held in June 1805.

Unable to find the necessary intellectual environment for his studies, he sent his father several letters during the summer 1805, in which he described very negatively the teaching of Medicine in Valencia; his purpose was to allow himto continue his studies in Barcelona. At the beginning of 1807, after a favorable report from Francisco Carbonell, the Royal Board of Commerce of Barcelona granted him scholarship (or pension, according to the language of the time) to travel to Madrid and then to Paris to continue studies in Chemistry and Mineralogy for four years, so that after his return he would take charge of a second chair of chemistry in Barcelona. Orfila this joined the long list of Spanish pensioners who traveled to France to study chemistry during the last third of the eighteen century and the first years of the nineteenth century. 

 

 Orfila Tombstone in París

While continuing his studies at the Faculty of Medicine in Paris, Orfila organized courses in chemestry and other natural sciences that made him famous and allowed him to earn enough income to refuse the offers of return to Spanish that were made by the government of Fernando VII. He also acquired great fame as a singer in the halls of Paris. 

 

Between 1814 and 1817 his two main works appeared: Traite des Poisons ("Treatise on poisons") and Elements de chimie medicale (" Elements of medical chemistry") that brought him great recognition among the scientific community.

French in 1819, he was appointed professor of the Faculty of Medicine, thus initiating an unstoppable rise that would lead him to occupy the highest positions of French Medicine in the years of the Orleanist monarchy between 1830 and 1848.

Orfila introduced numerous changes in the Faculty. He proposed the cibstruction of dissection pavilions in 1832. He created the Museum of Pathological Anatomy (Museo Dupuytren) in 1835, and then donated 60.000 francs to create a museum of comparative anatomy opened in 1845 ( current Orfila Museum). In 1832 he was appointed member of the Medical Prevention Association he had founded. On February 14, 1834, he is also a member of the Royal Council of Public Instruction. At the end of 1834 he was elected member of the municipal council and of the Council of the Seine. He was also named in 1834 knight of the Legion of Honor.

He participated in famous court cases such as Mercier or Marie Lafarge. In the latter was ridiculed by François Vincent Rasapil, an apostle of free medicine who advocated a new medication more accessible to the popular classes. Orfila represented the official medicine and diploma, Raspail was sentenced to fifteen francs but he no longer continued his free consultations.

Orfila loved dominoes and took part with other personalities in the Circle of domino players created around 1838 by the sculptor Jean-Pierre Dantan. He was also a member of Academic Society of Apollo's Children founded in Paris in 1740.

In addition to Dean of the Faculty of Medicine of Paris and member of the Royal Council of Public Institution, he was also member of many French and foreign scientific academies. On the other hand, he participated actively in the foundation and development of two important scientics journals of the time in which he published a large number of works related to toxicology: the Journal de Chimie Medicine, Pharmacie et de Toxicologie and the Annales d'Hygiène Publique et from Médicine Lè gale. His works were reissued on numerous occasions and translated into the European languages. All this, together with his participations as an expert in numerous cases of poisoning, transformed Orfila into one of the most famous doctors of his time.

 

He died in París on March 12, 1853.

Photos of the Sine Dolore Awards

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